Frances McLeod Blue Collections

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Frances McLeod Blue drawing of a street in Grasse [jpg 32kb]

Frances McLeod was born in Toronto in 1914. After graduation, she studied near Paris at an international school called le Collège féminine de Beaumont. Upon her return to Canada, at her mother’s suggestion, the eighteen-year old took landscape architecture lessons from Lorrie Grubb, who had come to Canada in 1911 from England and became the first Canadian female landscape architect. McLeod, deeply influenced by Grubb, enrolled at the Lawthorpe School of Landscape Architecture in Groton, Massachusetts. She graduated in 1937, then worked in the United States for a short time. Her first project was in an office in Groton. She later moved to New York to work on private garden designs.

One of Canada's earliest female architects, Frances McLeod became an associate member of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects and Town Planners in 1938. The nine-member society had been founded in 1934 with three of the members being female. During the depression years, Frances returned to Canada but, in 1940, she moved to Atlanta, Georgia, to work in private gardens for a year. When she made her final move back to Canada, she volunteered with the Canadian Red Cross Society.

Frances met Richard Blue when he returned from England where he had served as a rifleman in the Canadian army. The two married and had a daughter, Susan. In 1946, they bought a farm in Aurora where their son, Tony, was born. They farmed for 17 years until Richard became ill and eventually died. Through the years, Blue had transformed their plain home into a beautiful property with lawns and gardens.

Following the war, Blue did not have time to resume her landscape architecture practice beyond her home and a few local projects. However, during the years 1941 to 1970, Blue served in many different positions with the Canadian Society for Landscape Architects (CSLA) and played an important role in its internal organization. In 1970, she wrote a short but significant manuscript describing its history. She produced a number of other publications as well relating to the development of the profession. In 1983, she received the Ontario Associations of Landscape Architects’ Distinguished Achievement Award for her contributions to the profession.

The Frances McLeod Blue Collections were established in 2007 for two purposes. First, they contain her personal records in a separate fonds, i.e. her photographs, glass slides, drawings, watercolours, school projects, and gardening books. Second, they contain historical records in smaller collections pertaining to the development of landscape architecture in Canada in the pre-1975 period which help to expand our historical understanding. The Library and the Landscape Architecture Canada Foundation are partnering in the development of this important archive. Future accessions are anticipated.

The Frances McLeod Blue fonds consists of photographs and negatives and her own pen and ink drawings, pencil drawings, and watercolours of gardens and flowers. The fonds has her 56 glass negatives of Italian gardens from the 1930s, a three-week examination problem dated 30 May 1936, and a thesis for certificate pen and ink drawing dated June 1937. Three books from her personal collection include: The Garden Month by Month (1907) by Mabel Cabot Sedgewick; English Gardens (1925) by H. Avray Tipping; and Garden Ornament (1927) by Gertrude Jekyll and Christopher Hussey. McLeod Blue’s 13-page paper on the history of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, written in 1970, remains familiar to landscape architect students to this day.

The Frances McLeod Blue Collections found through the Library's catalogue reflect her love for the natural beauty inherent in plants and trees. Her projects display her talent in combining all aspects of landscape architecture in pleasant and functional manner. Historical records from other architects and organizations are also featured to provide information on the development of the profession and Canadian landscape architecture prior to 1975. These records include the following Guelph holdings:

  • Landscape architecture drawings by Louise W. Heringa, ca. 1930-39. Drawings by L.W. Heringa including the forecourt of St. John's Hospital (Willowdale), the layout of J.C. Clarke home ground in Goderich, Oakville High School Gardens, and historical layouts probably used as teaching aids, ca.1930-1939.
  • Papers relating to landscape architect Edward I. Wood, 1942-84. A collection of items relating to architect Edward Wood, including his correspondence with Prime Minister Mackenzie King, 1942-1984 (Call Number XL1 MS A006). Wood graduated from the Ontario Agricultural College in 1929 and the Harvard School of Design in 1933. In 1934 he joined the National Capital Commission, Ottawa as Director of Project Design. He was an active member of the CSLA and its President from 1948-50 and 1958-60.
  • Sasaki, Strong and Associates Ltd.: A collection of architecture prints by the firm of Sasaki, Strong and Associates, Toronto, 1962-1967, which was established for work by Hideo Sasaki and Richard Strong. The collection features Moss Park (Toronto), Toronto City Hall Square, British American Oil Ltd (Clarkson, Ont.), and a bank and canal, Expo 67, Montreal.
  • Landscape architecture drawings by Carl Arvid Borgstrom, one of the nine founding members of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects. Projects include: the winning competition entry for the Northeastern Entrance to the City of Hamilton, done for the Royal Botanical Gardens; the Mather Arch Park and Monument in Fort Erie, done for the Niagara Parkway Commission; a variety of institutional commissions such as the grounds of the Toronto East General Hospital; and numerous grand homes and rural estates commissioned by prominent Canadians. The 45 projects (approximately 100 drawings) represent the high point of Borgstrom's design career from roughly 1925 to 1945 The collection also includes one box of photographic prints that depict both completed and in-construction design work, as well as selected written material, letters, and biographical texts.



Types of Materials

  • Architectural Plans
  • Artwork
  • Photographs
  • Published Material
  • Technical Drawings
  • Unpublished Material and Manuscripts


Architectural Plans, Artwork, Photographs, Published Material, Technical Drawings, Unpublished Material and Manuscripts

How to Access This Resource

Appointments are required to view this material and can be made through Archival & Special Collections.

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